|MEDTRONIC PLC filed this Form 10-Q on 12/04/2017|
the technical merits of our tax positions and recognize an uncertain tax benefit, or derecognize a previously recorded tax benefit, when there is (i) a completion of a tax audit, (ii) effective settlement of an issue, (iii) a change in applicable tax law including a tax case or legislative guidance, or (iv) an expiration of the statute of limitations. Significant judgment is required in accounting for tax reserves. Although we believe that we have adequately provided for liabilities resulting from tax assessments by taxing authorities, positions taken by these tax authorities could have a material impact on our effective tax rate, consolidated earnings, financial position and/or cash flows.
Valuation of Intangible Assets and Goodwill When we acquire a business, the assets acquired and liabilities assumed are recorded at their respective fair values at the acquisition date. Goodwill is the excess of the purchase price consideration over the estimated fair value of net assets of acquired businesses. Intangible assets include patents, trademarks, tradenames, customer relationships, purchased technology, and IPR&D. Determining the fair value of intangible assets acquired as part of a business combination requires us to make significant estimates. These estimates include the amount and timing of projected future cash flows of each project or technology, the discount rate used to discount those cash flows to present value, the assessment of the asset’s life cycle, and the consideration of legal, technical, regulatory, economic, and competitive risks.
The test for goodwill impairment requires us to make several estimates about fair value, most of which are based on projected future cash flows. Our estimates associated with the goodwill impairment test are considered critical due to the amount of goodwill recorded on our consolidated balance sheets and the judgment required in determining fair value, including projected future cash flows. We assess the impairment of goodwill at the reporting unit level annually in the third quarter and whenever an event occurs or circumstances change that would indicate that the carrying amount may be impaired. Goodwill was $39.1 billion and $38.5 billion at October 27, 2017 and April 28, 2017, respectively.
We test definite-lived intangible assets for impairment when an event occurs or circumstances change that would indicate the carrying amount of the assets or asset group may be impaired. Our tests are based on future cash flows that require significant judgment with respect to future revenue and expense growth rates, appropriate discount rates, asset groupings, and other assumptions and estimates. We use estimates that are consistent with our business plans and a market participant view of the assets being evaluated. Actual results may differ from our estimates due to a number of factors including, among others, changes in competitive conditions, timing of regulatory approval, results of clinical trials, changes in worldwide economic conditions, and fluctuations in currency exchange rates. Definite-lived intangible assets, net of accumulated amortization, were $22.1 billion and $22.8 billion at October 27, 2017 and April 28, 2017, respectively.
We assess the impairment of indefinite-lived intangibles annually in the third quarter and whenever an event occurs or circumstances change that would indicate that the carrying amount may be impaired. Our impairment tests of indefinite-lived intangibles require us to make several estimates about fair value, including projected future cash flows and the appropriate discount rates. Indefinite-lived intangible assets were $561 million and $594 million at October 27, 2017 and April 28, 2017, respectively.
Contingent Consideration Contingent consideration liabilities are recorded at the acquisition date at estimated fair value and are remeasured each reporting period with the change in fair value recognized within acquisition-related items in our consolidated statements of income. Changes to the fair value of contingent consideration may result from changes in the estimated timing and amount of revenue, estimated timing or probability of achieving the milestones which trigger payment, or discount rates. The fair value of contingent consideration liabilities was $190 million and $246 million at October 27, 2017 and April 28, 2017, respectively.
NEW ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Information regarding new accounting pronouncements is included in Note 2 to the current period's consolidated financial statements.
Information regarding acquisitions is included in Note 3 to the current period's consolidated financial statements.