|MEDTRONIC PLC filed this Form 10-Q on 12/04/2017|
Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements
1. Basis of Presentation
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements of Medtronic plc and its subsidiaries (Medtronic plc, Medtronic, or the Company) have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America (U.S.) (U.S. GAAP) for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. In the opinion of management, the consolidated financial statements include all of the adjustments necessary for a fair statement in conformity with U.S. GAAP. Certain reclassifications have been made to prior year financial statements to conform to classifications used in the current year.
Operating results for interim periods are not necessarily indicative of results that may be expected for the fiscal year as a whole. The preparation of the financial statements in conformity with U.S. GAAP requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses, and the related disclosures at the date of the financial statements and during the reporting period. Actual results could materially differ from these estimates.
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Medtronic plc, its wholly-owned subsidiaries, entities for which the Company has a controlling financial interest, and variable interest entities for which the Company is the primary beneficiary. Intercompany transactions and balances have been fully eliminated in consolidation.
The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements and related notes should be read in conjunction with the audited consolidated financial statements of the Company and related notes included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended April 28, 2017. The Company’s fiscal years 2018, 2017, and 2016 will end or ended on April 27, 2018, April 28, 2017, and April 29, 2016, respectively.
2. New Accounting Pronouncements
In March 2016, the Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) issued guidance to simplify the accounting for share-based payment transactions by requiring all excess tax benefits and deficiencies to be recognized in income tax expense or benefit in earnings; eliminating the requirement to classify the excess tax benefits and deficiencies as additional paid-in capital. Cash flows related to excess tax benefits are to be classified in operating activities in the statement of cash flows rather than financing. Under the new guidance, an entity makes an accounting policy election to either estimate the expected forfeiture awards or account for forfeitures as they occur. The standard also allows an entity to withhold up to the maximum statutory tax rate and classify the awards as equity. The Company prospectively adopted this guidance in the first quarter of fiscal year 2018. The Company has elected to continue to estimate forfeitures. The adoption of this guidance resulted in no cumulative adjustment to retained earnings and increases to net income of $17 million and $41 million, respectively, and increases to diluted earnings per share of $0.01 and $0.03, respectively, for the three and six months ended October 27, 2017.
In October 2016, the FASB issued guidance that requires the tax effect of intra-entity transactions, other than sales of inventory, to be recognized when the transaction occurs. Previously, U.S. GAAP prohibited the recognition of current and deferred income taxes associated with an intra-entity asset transfer until an asset had been sold to a third-party. This update requires an entity to recognize the income tax consequences of an intra-entity transfer of an asset, such as equipment or intangibles, when the transfer occurs. The adoption of this pronouncement is to be applied on a modified retrospective basis through a cumulative-effect adjustment directly to retained earnings as of the beginning of the period of adoption. The Company has early adopted this guidance, as permitted, in the first quarter of fiscal year 2018. As a result of this adoption, the Company increased its beginning retained earnings by $296 million. The adoption of this guidance also resulted in increases to net income of $582 million and $557 million, respectively, and increases to diluted earnings per share of $0.43 and $0.41, respectively, for the three and six months ended October 27, 2017.
Not Yet Adopted
In May 2014, the FASB issued amended revenue recognition guidance to clarify the principles for recognizing revenue from contracts with customers. The guidance requires an entity to recognize revenue in an amount that reflects the consideration to which an entity expects to be entitled in exchange for the transfer of goods or services. The guidance also requires expanded disclosures relating to the nature, amount, timing, and uncertainty of revenue and cash flows arising from contracts with customers. Additionally, qualitative and quantitative disclosures are required about customer contracts, significant judgments and changes in judgments, and assets recognized from the costs to obtain or fulfill a contract. This accounting guidance is effective for the Company beginning in the first quarter of fiscal year 2019, and may be applied either retrospectively to each prior reporting period presented (full retrospective method), or retrospectively with the cumulative effect of the change recognized at the date of initial application (modified retrospective method). The Company intends to adopt this guidance under the modified retrospective method. Based